09 April 2015

HTML: Tag <HTML>

Tag HTML adalah wadah yang memuat seluruh elemen HTML.
Sintaks:
<html>
</html>

Tag HTML memuat 2 sesi jaitu <head> dan <body>, tetapi tidak termasuk tag <!DOCTYPE>.

Contoh:
Berikut ini adalah contoh penggunaan tag html dalam dokumen <html> HTML 5, HTML 4.01 Transitional, XHTML 1.0 Transitional, XHTML 1.0 Strict, dan XHTML 1.1.

Dokumen HTML 5:


<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Contoh HTML 5</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Judul</h1>
<p>Isi Artikel</p>
</body>
</html>


Dokumen HTML 4.01 Transitional
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>Contoh HTML 4.01 Transitional</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Judul</h1>
<p>Isi Artikel</p>
</body>
</html>


Dokumen XHTML 1.0 Transitional
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>Contoh XHTML 1.0 Transitional</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Judul</h1>
<p>Isi Artikel</p>
</body>
</html>


Dokumen XHTML 1.0 Strict
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>Contoh XHTML 1.0 Strict</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Judul</h1>
<p>Isi Artikel</p>
</body>
</html>


Dokumen XHTML 1.1
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>Contoh XHTML 1.1</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Judul</h1>
<p>Isi Artikel</p>
</body>
</html>



Tag <html> secara mendasar didukung oleh browser:
  • Android
  • Chrome
  • Firefox (Gecko)
  • Firefox Mobile (Gecko)
  • Internet Explorer (IE)
  • IE Phone
  • Opera
  • Opera Mobile
  • Safari (WebKit)
  • Safari Mobile



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